As noted in our recent post on Understanding the 3.8% Medicare Tax on Net Investment Income, final instructions for Form 8960, the one page form used to report the calculation of Net Investment Income (NII), were yet to be released. On Wednesday night, February 26, 2014, the IRS posted the final instructions for the form, though the form itself has been finalized since early January.
Changes in the underlying worksheets in the instructions were mostly clarifying in nature, but a few changes could impact calculations of the tax in certain circumstances:
- Line 5b adjustment: An active calculation has been added when you have a capital loss carryover to the next year. In the draft instructions, this line was N/A for 2013. This adjustment would apply in only limited circumstances, but if you have a capital loss carryover to 2014 and have any other line item adjustments to line 2, you should review these calculations.
- Application of itemized deduction limited on deductions allocable to NII: This worksheet now includes a line for "gambling losses" which it did not include in the draft instructions. If you have a return with deductible gambling losses, you should review these calculations.
Lack of complete guidance from the IRS may have slowed down the filing process for some taxpayers, as software vendors were waiting for final instructions to be released. Now that additional guidance is available, we should see vendors begin to finalize the form over the next few weeks allowing all taxpayers to file returns that include Form 8960.
To see both the draft and final instructions, click on the links below:
If you are an individual subject to the 3.8% Medicare tax, keep in mind that there are potential planning ideas such as examining passive and nonpassive activities, grouping elections for material participation and/or considering the election to become a “real estate professional.” These opportunities could provide you some relief by minimizing your tax, which we will expand upon in a future post.
If you have further questions about this newly implemented tax, feel free to contact Bryan Koch at firstname.lastname@example.org or 901.685.5575.